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网络英语特点及翻译方法

来源:  作者:蔡仕云  [字体: ]

  1.2 Derivation:The derivation words are formed by adding affixes to the derivative roots.As a major word-building means in lexicology, derivation is greatly applied in network English.
  1.3 Abbreviation:Nowadays the information-intensive society developed rapidly in science and technology, the lengthy and miscellaneous words will inevitably be replaced by brief and concise words. The abbreviation is the most important word-building means of current network English. It has not merely enriched the vocabulary of English, and has provided convenience for English users.
  Acronym. In modern English, the acronym has represented a kind of trend of simplification in English vocabulary. In network English, there are acronyms of words and phrases.
  
  2 Features of Network English
  
  With the quickening social rhythm of life and development of media, people have more and more high expectations for the pace of information dissemination, especially while chatting on the net, people hope that they can be close to spoken communication at the pace, get rid of the norm of the traditional written language, and demonstrate great random. Letters, figures, punctuation marks, symbols, and types of facial make up can all be used as communicating material. Therefore, Network English shows some unique characteristics.
  2.1 To be popular.The popularity of Network English is mainly reflected in its word-formation of derivation and compounding, which is analyzed in detail in chapter one. Thus once a net user understands the meaning of the affix, he can infer and grasp a large amount of neologisms derived out from it. In this way, Network English become popular and familiar to people very quickly.
  2.2 To be succinct.In the network, people communicate with each other through beating the keyboard. In order to transmit the most information during the shortest time, with accuracy and high speed at the same time, achieving the goal of exchanging effectively, people must look for the most succinct expressions. Therefore, a lot of abbreviation words come into bEing in Network English.
  The special network technology vocabulary often takes the form of abbreviation too, so as to simplify the article, save printing space and reading time, thus meeting the requirements of the computer science and high-speed development of network technology. The common characteristics of these vocabularies are that the form is succinct, the meaning of a word is single, and there is no abundant association meaning.
  2.3 Metaphor:The metaphor is mankind’s important cognitive way and mode of thinking. The metaphor thinking function of the language is the basis of the abstract function of the language. The metaphor is not the simple substitution or conversion of words. It compares the unknown to the known, the unfamiliar to the familiar, the simple to the complicated, the abstract to the concrete, and science to popularity. In the scientific and technological language, the metaphor language is indispensable. Network English includes a lot of specialized network technology vocabularies and computer vocabularies. These vocabularies are scientific and technological languages to a certain extent, so network English just has a characteristic of metaphor nature, such as computer virus, gopher, archive, menu, memory, run, path. Therefore, under the function of the metaphor, the abstract concept is specified, complicated meaning is simplified, scientific term is popularized, just making technological vocabulary of network English and daily life vocabulary very close, succinct and vivid, and easy to memorize. This has promoted the development and popularization of network technology and computer knowledge to a great extent.

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